Under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires biennial registration
of all domestic and foreign food facilities engaged in manufacturing, processing, packing, or holding food for consumption in the United States (originally established under the Bioterrorism Act). Re-registration occurs every even numbered year from October 1 through December 31. New facilities must also register with the FDA. Farms and retail operations, such as grocery stores, do not have to register, while retailer-owned distribution centers must register as “holding” facilities, and retailer-owned commissaries and central kitchens that are not part of a retail location must also register.